Task Force 4: Economic Effects of Infrastructure Investment and its Financing

Background and Challenges

Economic Effects of Infrastructure Investment and its Financing Infrastructure is crucially important to foster countries’ economic development and prosperity. Investments in infrastructure contributes to higher productivity and growth, facilitates trade and connectivity, and promotes economic inclusion.

Global infrastructure demand is high. McKinsey has reported that from 2016 to 2030, there will be a need to invest on average USD3.3 trillion annually to keep pace with projected growth. Of which, 60% is accounted for by developing countries. Furthermore, Asian Development Bank has estimated that USD1.7 trillion is required every year to maintain rates of growth sufficient to alleviate poverty in the Asian region including investment needs for climate change mitigation and adaptation.

As the population of developing countries keep growing, it is imperative we need high-quality infrastructure that is sustainable, increases business activities, creates new employment, narrows income disparities and empowering gender participation. Quality Infrastructure is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals as it supports inclusive growth and enhances access to all. One cannot ignore the Paris Climate Agreement and the inter-relation between infrastructure, sustainability and climate.

This task force aims to propose ways of developing quality infrastructure investments which consider financial, climate, and urban planning challenges. By addressing the challenges of the inherent complexity of quality infrastructure investments, mobilization of long-term finance at reasonable costs, and reformation of existing urban management systems amongst other, the task force will create a corpus of knowledge including best practices followed in various G20 member countries to encourage quality infrastructure investments.

Policy Briefs and Proposals in Preparation

  • Policy Framework and Platforms for Delivering on Quality and Sustainable Infrastructure
    Authors: Amar Bhattacharya, Beatriz Nofal, Kevin Gallagher, Linda Krueger, Minji Jeong, and Rogerio Studart
  • The Infrastructure Nexus. From the Future of Infrastructures to the Infrastructures of the Future
    Lead Authors: Nicolas J.A. Buchoud And Jean-Bernard Kovarik
    Co Authors: Hélène Soubelet, Jean François Silvain, Arjan van Timmeren, Laurent Schmitt, David Mangin, Abel Schumann, Luc Monteil, Ross Douglas, Lyudmila Borilo, and Susan Parnell
  • Infrastructure Investment Needs and Sources of Financing
    Author: Yasuyuki Sawada
  • Economic, Social and Environmental Effects of Infrastructure
  • Building resilient infrastructure systems
    Authors: Nicolas J.A. Buchoud and Jean-Bernard Kovarik
  • Quality Infrastructure Investment and the way to increase the rate of return from infrastructure investments
    Author: Naoyuki Yoshino, Nella Hendriyetty, and Saloni Lakhia
  • Sustainable Infrastructure to Secure the Natural Capital of the Amazon
    Authors: Amar Bhattacharya, Ana Cristina Barros, Beatriz Nofal, Bruce McKenney, Carlos Nobre, Kevin Gallagher, and Thomas Lovejoy
  • Disaster Mitigation Social Resilience: From Human Being to Infrastructure
    Author: Akiko Yamanaka

Lead Co-Chair

  • Amar Bhattacharya, Brookings Institution
  • Naoyuki Yoshino, Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI)


  • Akiko Yamanaka, International Tsunami Disaster Prevention Society
  • Beatriz Nofal, Eco-Axis
  • Daniel F. Runde, Center for Strategic and International Studies
  • Dennis Snower, Kiel Institute for the World Economy
  • Hélène Jacquot-Guimbal, Fondation pour la Recherche sur la Biodiversité
  • Jean-Bernard Kovarik, Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l’aménagement et des reseaux
  • Nicolas Buchoud, Renaissance Urbaine
  • Shamshad Akhtar, Karandaaz Pakistan
  • Yasuyuki Sawada, Asian Development Bank

For further information and inquiries, please contact Asian Development Bank Institute.

Policy Briefs